Was sind Pips? » Einfache Definition & Erklärung von Pip Forex
Forex Spread 1-Pip Agrodana Futures
What is a Pip in Forex? - BabyPips.com
Was sind Pips im Forex Trading? - Forex & CFDs mit ...
Forex Spread 2020 » Die Kosten und Gebühren im Devisenhandel!
What are Pips and Spreads in Forex? - FXStreet
? Was ist ein Pip und wie wird dieser berechnet? AvaTrade
Spread in Gold vs Spread in Forex pairs...
So, let's say the spread was 50 pips for Gold and 1.2 pips for EURUSD. Doesn't this make it much easier to "win" consistently long-term on Forex than on Gold since the spread is so much lower? If I'm not wrong, on Gold it means that if I wanted to enter at a price of say 1850.750, after spread the real entry would be 1850.250, can someone correct me if I'm wrong?
I have an 89% win rate over 18 trades, with a 27% profit. How many trades should I do before going live?
So I've been doing some scalping on pairs with high spreads in cryptocurrencies previously with great success, but I finally figured I'd give forex a real shot (was into it a few years ago, but didn't go live). Last time I scalped in crypto, I had 14 out of 14 successful trades, but only about a 10% profit. I haven't heard about anyone scalping the way I do in crypto, but I find my method extremely reliable when I just find the right pair to trade. This is just to say I have some experience with trading, but I'm by no means an expert. Now, I've been scalping the past few days with a paper trading account on TradingView. I've mostly been trading the US Currency Index, S&P 500 and some crypto pairs thus far. I'm scalping on the 1m time frame using bollinger bands and looking at trends, price action and stoch RSI for confirmation on my entries. I started out with 100k a few days ago and first doubled my account to around 200k and then did a 1,3 mill trade, but I was running like 500-1000 USD per pip, so if the market turned against me, I'd be liquidated real quick. While the trades were good, I figured I was disconnected from the risk I was taking because it isn't real money, and I wanted to try doing more conservative and realistic trades, so I reset the account yesterday. Edit (more trades done): Since the account was reset, I've done 45 trades where I've lost on two of them. If my math serves me right, that's about an 95.5% win rate. I'm up around 77.5% currently. I did lose 1500 on one trade, but that's because I by mistake placed a sell order when I was supposed to add another buy order double down on my long position, so I'm not counting that one in (but I'm not counting the 1500 I lost as profit either). I have a very strict strategy I'm sticking to when doing these scalps. I realize 45 trades is not a huge sample size, but that is kinda why I'm asking: How many trades should I do on the paper trading account before I should run it live with confidence? For anyone who might be interested, here's my account history: https://imgur.com/a/zuRSWwd Edit: here's 6 trades more: https://imgur.com/a/CmbyU6n Edit2: some more trades: https://imgur.com/a/q9xqVyq Edit3: I think we're up to 45 trades now: https://imgur.com/a/CsWZEN7
Seguramente, empezando trading, [email protected] van a buscar en Youtube o en otros medios que es el trading (existen miles de videos sobre qué es el trading). Lo mismo pasará con otras preguntas, como para que es forex, como ganar dinero en forex o en trading, etc. Lo que [email protected] a veces no se preguntan es como funciona o qué debo saber para operar este mercado (Forex). Bueno. Aquí les dejaremos una serie de preguntas para que investiguen ya sea en Youtube o en Google. Estás les ayudarán a entender cómo los traders generan ganancias en los mercados. Si ya sabes que es forex y trading busca lo siguiente: ¿ Que son los pips? ¿Que son los lotes en Forex? ¿Que son los spreads? ¿Que son los soportes y resistencias? ¿Que es una tendencia en el trading? ¿Como usar tradingview? ¿Como usar Metatrader? ¿Que brokers son buenos para forex? BONUS - PSICOLOGIA DE TRADING Busca esta información donde quieras ya sea en videos o en artículos. Si tienes preguntas no dudes en dejarlas en un comentario abajo de este post, o publicarla tú mismo en el feed de la comunidad. Si te sirvió de algo el contenido publicado no olvides compartirlo con [email protected] que sepas que les interesa el tema y de por sí ya trabajan en ello. OTRO BONUS por habernos leido hasta el final Busca que son las ondas de elliot y los niveles de fibonacci en forex o trading...
1970’li yılların başlarında Bretton Woods anlaşmasının sona ermesi ile birlikte döviz kurlarında başlayan volatilite, swap benzeri türev ürünlerin hayata geçmesine imkan sağladı. Her geçen gün gelişen teknolojinin katkısıyla da günümüze gelindiğinde kaldıraçlı türev piyasalarda banka ve benzeri finansal kuruluşların yanı sıra bireysel yatırımcılar da oldukça dar spread oranları ile kolayca işlem yapma fırsatı yakaladılar. Türkiye’de özellikle son 10 yıldır gelişen forex piyasaları, 2012 yılından itibaren SPK regülasyonu gereği forex piyasalarında işlem yapma imkânı sağlayan finansal kuruluşların denetlenmeye başlanması ile kaldıraç oranı kullanarak daha yüksek hacimli işlem yapma fırsatından yararlanmak isteyen büyük-küçük tüm yatırımcıların ilgisi artmaya başladı.
Forex piyasalarında sıkça kullanılan ve yatırımcılar tarafından risk unsuru olarak görülen “kaldıraç” kavramını netleştirmek için bir örnek üzerinden gidelim. FinansolineFX’de 1/100 kaldıraç oranı seçeneğiyle forex hesabı açan Ahmet Bey’in, başlangıç teminatı olarak hesabına 1.000 USD yatırdığını düşünelim. Ahmet Bey’in yatırmış olduğu bu teminat ile açabileceği maksimum pozisyon büyüklüğü 100.000 USD ( 1.000 x 100 ) ‘dir. Maksimum pozisyon büyüklüğünün burada altını çizmek gerekiyor. Çünkü yatırımcıların kullanmış olduğu işlem platformuna bağlı olarak emir ekranında açmış olduğu pozisyonun nominal büyüklüğü de görülebilir, lot cinsinden değeri de. Eğer Ahmet Bey forex piyasalarında en sık kullanılan işlem platformlarından biri olan MetaTrader4 platformunda USD/TRY paritesinde işlem yapıyorsa, emir ekranında “volume” olarak görülen alanda “ 1 “ seçerek 1 lot’luk pozisyon açmış olur. Açmış olduğu pozisyonun nominal büyüklüğü de 100.000 USD olur. Artık Ahmet Bey ‘in hesabındaki 1.000 USD, USDTRY fiyatının her bir pip yükseliş / düşüş ‘ünde 100.000 USD ‘lik bir pozisyonun karını veya zararını içerecek şekilde artar veya azalır.
The foreign currency market is the largest of all of the trading markets with an almost unbelievable 5 trillion dollars changing hands each day. Until recently Forex trading was consigned to heavy weight traders and brokers who could afford the high minimum trading amounts required. However, the recent appeal of trading online has prompted a further development in the foreign exchange boom. Increased leverages are now not just available for the big scale traders but also for the starter and lower volume speculators. Whereas minimum deposits were at one time in the thousands of dollars range now they are in the hundreds. Nowadays, a trader can enter the foreign exchange with little more than a credit card, a Forex trading account and a laptop or PC. The boom has led to a number of brokers entering the market to meet the demand in online trading, but getting a suitable broker out of so many options can be difficult. Deciding on a Forex broker Take a look at this list of fundamentals to think about when making your selection of a suitable Forex broker: Foreign currencies All Forex brokers provide the "majors" as pairs to trade upon. These principal moneys include the US dollar (USD), the Japanese Yen (JPY) and the British pound (GBP). Further brokerages host platforms that have the alternative to exchange lesser known moneys. The more sluggish Forex currencies or"exotics" encounter even more volatility as opposed to the "majors" which can provide intriguing trading options. If you are planning on trading on one of the weaker, "exotic" currencies make sure that it on the list of currencies to invest with on your broker of choice's platform. In short make sure that you work with currencies that you have an interest in. Trades A lot of currency brokerages have reduced their minimum deposits to as low as $100. Higher leverage sums which were formerly only made accessible for expert traders are currently on hand for the lower end traders. The good thing about this is that with a 50:1 leverage, on a trading account of $1,000 the user can now sustain a place of $50,000. Be careful to remember, however, that leverage is a sort of financial loan, whilst the strength of your account is markedly increased the potential sum to be lost is also boosted. Regulation Each one of the leading Forex firms will have made sure that they are listed by one or more of the main regulatory authorities. For a user to observe that a company is fully regulated shows that the brokerage service is a serious operation devoted to fair market procedures. Signing up for membership with an unregulated broker is not advised, even more so with such a wide choice of regulated brokers out there.. Minimum amounts for deposit Every broker will designate a minimum deposit amount prior to the start of trading. Smaller deposit amounts can be put down using beginner or low volume trading accounts whereas the high roller accounts require higher minimums to begin. As there are such larger numbers of brokers operating the initial deposit amounts can play a significant role as each company pushes for your custom by trying to out compete rival companies with more tempting welcome offers. You will notice that it can be to your gain if you browse a little. Commissions and Spreads Forex brokerages profit though commissions and spreads. The broker's commission can either be set on a per transaction basis or over a set of transactions. The spread refers to the amount between the actual and the bidding prices of a currency or currency pair. Usually the spread is comes in at around 3-5 pips. Margins It is not unconventional for a broker to require that you fund your account with an advanced amount of capital to counter balance any potential losses that may be experienced. This advanced amount is known as a margin or margin requirement. Be sure that the conditions of the margin requirement are suited to your degree of trading. Trading Platforms The most widespread platform in the online Forex market is the Meta trading platform. It is very reliable and can be accessed both on your computer and your mobile device. Some brokers use their own proprietary trading platform as well so it is advisable to take the time to find out how trusted it is and whether there are any interruptions between messaging between their platform and the actual foreign exchange. Support See if you can get as much information as possible about the level of support available with a broker. Good indicators of a broker's level of service can include the trading education materials they have and if there is a live chat option. Together with this, many top companies display documentation, tutorials and eBooks to educate you on how to improve your chances of achieving profitable returns and cutting down minimising the risks. Forex trading involves risks. You can minimise the risks by researching your broker and testing out your trading strategy thoroughly.
I have a habit of backtesting every strategy I find as long as it makes sense. I find it fun, and even if the strategy ends up being underperforming, it gives me a good excuse to gain valuable chart experience that would normally take years to gather. After I backtest something, I compare it to my current methodology, and usually conclude that mine is better either because it has a better performance or the new method requires too much time to manage (Spoiler: until now, I like this better) During the last two days, I have worked on backtesting ParallaxFx strategy, as it seemed promising and it seemed to fit my personality (a lazy fuck who will happily halve his yearly return if it means he can spend 10% less time in front of the screens). My backtesting is preliminary, and I didn't delve very deep in the data gathering. I usually track all sort of stuff, but for this first pass, I sticked to the main indicators of performance over a restricted sample size of markets. Before I share my results with you, I always feel the need to make a preface that I know most people will ignore.
I am words on your screen. You cannot trust me. I could have edited this or literally just typed random numbers on a spreadsheet. Do your own research if you want to trust my conclusion.
Even if you trust me, you need to do backtesting for yourself. The goal of backtesting isn't simply to figure out whether a strategy has an edge: it's a way to get used to how the market flows (valuable experience you will bring on to any other strategy) and how the strategy behaves. You need to see it with your own eyes to allow your subconscious mind to be at ease when it comes time to trade it live: the only way to truly trust your strategy during a period of drawdown, is to have seen it work over hundreds of trades in the past.
Strategy I am not going to go into the strategy in this thread. If you haven't read the series of threads by the guy who shared it, go here. As suggested by my mentioned personality type, I went with the passive management options of ParallaxFx's strategy. After a valid setup forms, I place two orders of half my risk. I add or remove 1 pip from each level to account for spread.
The first at the 23.6 retracement.
The second at the 38.2 retracement.
Both orders have a stop loss at the 78.6 retracement.
Both orders have the same target at the -100.0 extension.
If price moves to the -38.2 extension, I delete any unfilled orders.
I do not scale out, I do not move to breakeven, I place my orders and walk away.
Sample I tested this strategy over the seven major currency pairs: AUDUSD, USDCAD, NZDUSD, GBPUSD, USDJPY, EURUSD, USDCHF. The time period started on January 1th 2018 and ended on July 1th 2020, so a 2.5 years backtest. I tested over the D1 timeframe, and I plan on testing other timeframes. My "protocol" for backtesting is that, if I like what I see during this phase, I will move to the second phase where I'll backtest over 5 years and 28 currency pairs. Units of measure I used R multiples to track my performance. If you don't know what they are, I'm too sleepy to explain right now. This article explains what they are. The gist is that the results you'll see do not take into consideration compounding and they normalize volatility (something pips don't do, and why pips are in my opinion a terrible unit of measure for performance) as well as percentage risk (you can attach variable risk profiles on your R values to optimize position sizing in order to maximize returns and minimize drawdowns, but I won't get into that). Results I am not going to link the spreadsheet directly, because it is in my GDrive folder and that would allow you to see my personal information. I will attach screenshots of both the results and the list of trades. In the latter, I have included the day of entry for each trade, so if you're up to the task, you can cross-reference all the trades I have placed to make sure I am not making things up. Overall results: R Curve and Segmented performance. List of trades: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Something to note: I treated every half position as an individual trade for the sake of simplicity. It should not mess with the results, but it simply means you will see huge streaks of wins and losses. This does not matter because I'm half risk in each of them, so a winstreak of 6 trades is just a winstreak of 3 trades. For reference:
Profit Factor: 2.34
Return: 100.47 R
Strike rate: 48.28%
Average win: 2.51 R
Average loss: -1.00 R
Thoughts Nice. I'll keep testing. As of now it is vastly better than my current strategy.
Forex Trading Basics Reddit - Forex Glossary Terms For Beginners
What is Forex - Terminology
https://preview.redd.it/pmjpy8sqh1x51.jpg?width=580&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b02715d6d6f153592a967f577c18578363ca731c The FOREX market is the largest financial market in the world. On a daily basis, trillions of dollars are traded in different currencies around the world. Being FOREX the basis for international capital transactions, its liquidity and volume are much greater than any other financial market. It is estimated that the average volume traded by the world's largest stock exchange, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in a full month, is equal to the volume traded daily in the Forex currency market. In addition, it is estimated that this volume will increase by 25% annually. 80% of transactions are between the US dollar (USD), the euro (EUR), the yen (JPY), the British pound (GBP), the Swiss franc (CHF), and the Australian dollars (AUD) and Canadian (CAD).
What is traded in the Forex market?
We could just say that money. Trading in FOREX simultaneously involves buying one currency (for example euros) and selling another (for example US dollars). These simultaneous purchase and sale operations are carried out through online brokers. Operations are specified in pairs; for example the euro and the dollar (EUR / USD) or the pound sterling and the Yen (GBP / JPY). These types of transactions can be somewhat confusing at first since nothing is being purchased physically. Basically, each currency is tied to the economy of its respective country and its value is a direct reflection of people's perception of that economy. For example, if there is a perception that the economy in Japan is going to weaken, the Yen is likely to be devalued against other currencies. In other words, people are going to sell Yen and they are going to buy currencies from countries where the economy is or will be better than Japan. In general, the exchange of one currency for another reflects the condition of the health of the economy of that country with respect to the health of the economy of other countries. Unlike other financial markets such as the stock market, the currency market does not have a fixed location like the largest exchanges in the world. These types of markets are known as OTC (Over The Counter). Transactions take place independently around the world, mainly over the Internet, and prices can vary from place to place. Due to its decentralized nature, the foreign exchange market is operated 24 hours a day from Monday to Friday. >>> Forex Signals With Unbeatable Performance: Verified Forex Results And 5° Rated OnInvesting.com|Free Forex Signals Trial:CLICK HERE TO JOIN FOR FREE
The 8 most widely used currencies (USD, EUR, JPY, GBP, CHF, CAD, NZD, and AUD) are known as “ major currencies ”. All other currencies are called " minor currencies ." You don't need to worry about minor currencies, as you probably won't start trading them for now. The USD, EUR, JPY, GBP, and CHF currencies are the most popular and most liquid currencies on the market.
• Base currency
The base currency is the first currency in any currency pair. It shows how much the base currency is worth against the second currency. For example, if the USD / CHF has a rate of 1.6350, it means that 1 USD is worth 1.6350 CHF. In the forex market, the US dollar is in many cases the base currency to make quotes, the quotes are expressed in units of $ 1 on the other currency of the pair. In some other pairs, the base currency is the British pound, the euro, the Australian dollar, or the New Zealand dollar.
• Quoted currency
The quote currency is the second currency in the currency pair. This is often referred to as a "pip-currency" and any unrealized gains or losses are expressed in this currency.
A pip is the smallest unit of the price of any currency. Almost all currencies consist of 5 significant digits and most pairs have the decimal point immediately after the first digit. For example EUR / USD = 1.2538, in this case, a pip is the smallest change in the fourth decimal space, which is, 0.0001. A notable exception is the USD / JPY pair where the pip equals $ 0.01.
• Purchase price (bid)
The buying price (bid) is the price at which the market is ready to buy a specific currency in the Forex market. At this price, one can sell the base currency. The purchase price is displayed on the left side. For example, in GBP / USD = 1.88112 / 15, the selling price is 1.8812. This means that you can sell a GPB for $ 1.8812.
• Sale Price (ask)
The asking price is the price at which the market is ready to sell a specific currency pair in the Forex market. At this price, you can buy the base currency. The sale price is displayed on the right-hand side. For example, at EUR / USD = 1.2812 / 15, the selling price here is 1.2815. This means that you can buy one euro for $ 1.2815. The selling price is also called the bid price.
All Forex quotes include two prices, the bid (offer) and the ask (demand). The bid is the price at which the broker is willing to buy the base currency in exchange for the quoted currency. This means that the bid is the price at which you can sell. The ask is the price at which the broker is willing to sell the base currency in exchange for the quoted currency. This means that the ask is the price at which you will buy. The difference between the bid and the ask is popularly known as the spread and is the consideration that the online broker receives for its services.
• Transaction costs
The transaction cost, which could be said to be the same as the Spread, is calculated as: Transaction Cost = Ask - Bid. It is the number of pips that are paid when opening a position. The final amount also depends on the size of the operation. It is important to note that depending on the broker and the volatility, the difference between the ask and the bid can increase, making it more expensive to open a trade. This generally happens when there is a lot of volatility and little liquidity, as happens during the announcement of some relevant economic data.
• Cross currency
A cross-currency is any pair where one of the currencies is the US dollar (USD). These pairs show an erratic price behavior when the operator opens two operations in US dollars. For example, opening a long trade to buy EUR / GPB is equivalent to buying EUR / USD and selling GPB / USD. Cross-currency pairs generally carry a higher transaction cost.
When you open a new account margin with a Forex broker, you must deposit a minimum amount of money to your broker. This minimum varies depending on each broker and can be as low as € / $ 100 at higher amounts. Each time a new trade is executed a percentage of your account margin balance will be the initial margin required for a new trade based on the underlying currency pair, current price, and the number of units (or lots) of the trade. . For example, let's say you open a mini account which gives you a leverage of 1: 200 or a margin of 0.5%. Mini accounts work with mini lots. Suppose a mini lot equals $ 10,000. If you are about to open a mini lot, instead of having to invest $ 10,000, you will only need $ 50 ($ 10,000 x 0.5% = $ 50).
Leverage is the ratio of the capital used in a transaction to the required deposit. It is the ability to control large amounts of dollars with relatively less capital. Leverage varies drastically depending on the broker, it can go from 1: 2 to even 1: 2000. The most common level of leverage in Forex can currently be around 1: 200.
• Margin + leverage = dangerous combination
Trading currencies on margin allows you to increase your buying power. This means that if you have $ 5,000 in account margin that allows you a 1: 100 leverage, you can then buy $ 500,000 in foreign exchange as you only have to invest a percentage of the purchase price. Another way of saying this is that you have $ 500,000 in purchasing power. With more purchasing power you can greatly increase your potential profits without an outlay of cash. But be careful, working with a high margin increases your profits but also your losses if the trade does not progress in your favor. >>> Forex Signals With Unbeatable Performance: Verified Forex Results And 5° Rated OnInvesting.com|Free Forex Signals Trial:CLICK HERE TO JOIN FOR FREE
Hey guys/gals. I’ve kinda got two questions in here, the main one is about FairForex though. Anybody have any experience dealing with them? I know they’re offshore/unregulated and that can be sketchy/has potential to be fucked. But the group I’m with all use them and have good things to say. 1:400 leverage, only a minimum of $100, and decent spreads. Not heard too many gripes about customer service or fucky withdrawal methods. I’m only looking to start with about 200 bucks on my live account (doing DEMO right now). I’ve got a TD Ameritrade account and would like to use them but I can’t get approved for margins with that little initial capital. And for part two So I’m about two months in to this forex game. I was brought in by two of my buddies from HS and they got me signed up with their team on IML Academy ( I know I know). I’ve found that they’re 46 video academy has been just OK. Honestly I find that these “gurus” or leaders are pretty awful at actually teaching and explaining things, though it has done a good job of pointing me in the right direction in being able to research further about certain topics. The team I’m on seems to be very supportive, they don’t push me to do recruiting or anything. Zoom chats at least every day, though 3/4 are about the “winning mentality” with the other 1 being about trading. But even when I tap in for that one those guys are honestly terrible teachers, pretty bad at explaining thought processes and reasoning behind taking certain trades. They’ve got me in two signal chats that usually put up at least 400-1000 pips a week depending on if they’re just doing pairs or if they throw some Indices in there too. Should I stick around and use the signal chat to at leastbreak even while I learn my way, or just cut my losses and figure all this shit out and be my own self made man? Anyone been in my shoes before, shitty pyramid scheme but has a good team? Also anyone have thoughts on the harmonic scanner? That’s the tool they have us laying for TL;DR Anyone have thoughts on FairForex as a broker? Also I’m in IML Academy, find that the videos are pretty bogus but my team is good. Should I stick around?
Disclaimer: None of this is financial advice. I have no idea what I'm doing. Please do your own research or you will certainly lose money. I'm not a statistician, data scientist, well-seasoned trader, or anything else that would qualify me to make statements such as the below with any weight behind them. Take them for the incoherent ramblings that they are. TL;DR at the bottom for those not interested in the details. This is a bit of a novel, sorry about that. It was mostly for getting my own thoughts organized, but if even one person reads the whole thing I will feel incredibly accomplished.
For those of you not familiar, please see the various threads on this trading system here. I can't take credit for this system, all glory goes to ParallaxFX! I wanted to see how effective this system was at H1 for a couple of reasons: 1) My current broker is TD Ameritrade - their Forex minimum is a mini lot, and I don't feel comfortable enough yet with the risk to trade mini lots on the higher timeframes(i.e. wider pip swings) that ParallaxFX's system uses, so I wanted to see if I could scale it down. 2) I'm fairly impatient, so I don't like to wait days and days with my capital tied up just to see if a trade is going to win or lose. This does mean it requires more active attention since you are checking for setups once an hour instead of once a day or every 4-6 hours, but the upside is that you trade more often this way so you end up winning or losing faster and moving onto the next trade. Spread does eat more of the trade this way, but I'll cover this in my data below - it ends up not being a problem. I looked at data from 6/11 to 7/3 on all pairs with a reasonable spread(pairs listed at bottom above the TL;DR). So this represents about 3-4 weeks' worth of trading. I used mark(mid) price charts. Spreadsheet link is below for anyone that's interested.
I'm pretty much using ParallaxFX's system textbook, but since there are a few options in his writeups, I'll include all the discretionary points here:
I'm using the stop entry version - so I wait for the price to trade beyond the confirmation candle(in the direction of my trade) before entering. I don't have any data to support this decision, but I've always preferred this method over retracement-limit entries. Maybe I just like the feeling of a higher winrate even though there can be greater R:R using a limit entry. Variety is the spice of life.
I put my stop loss right at the opposite edge of the confirmation candle. NOT at the edge of the 2-candle pattern that makes up the system. I'll get into this more below - not enough trades are saved to justify the wider stops. (Wider stop means less $ per pip won, assuming you still only risk 1%).
All my profit/loss statistics are based on a 1% risk per trade. Because 1 is real easy to multiply.
There are definitely some questionable trades in here, but I tried to make it as mechanical as possible for evaluation purposes. They do fit the definitions of the system, which is why I included them. You could probably improve the winrate by being more discretionary about your trades by looking at support/resistance or other techniques.
I didn't use MBB much for either entering trades, or as support/resistance indicators. Again, trying to be pretty mechanical here just for data collection purposes. Plus, we all make bad trading decisions now and then, so let's call it even.
As stated in the title, this is for H1 only. These results may very well not play out for other time frames - who knows, it may not even work on H1 starting this Monday. Forex is an unpredictable place.
I collected data to show efficacy of taking profit at three different levels: -61.8%, -100% and -161.8% fib levels described in the system using the passive trade management method(set it and forget it). I'll have more below about moving up stops and taking off portions of a position.
And now for the fun. Results!
Total Trades: 241
TP at -61.8%: 177 out of 241: 73.44%
TP at -100%: 156 out of 241: 64.73%
TP at -161.8%: 121 out of 241: 50.20%
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account):
TP at -61.8%: 5.22%
TP at -100%: 23.55%
TP at -161.8%: 29.14%
As you can see, a higher target ended up with higher profit despite a much lower winrate. This is partially just how things work out with profit targets in general, but there's an additional point to consider in our case: the spread. Since we are trading on a lower timeframe, there is less overall price movement and thus the spread takes up a much larger percentage of the trade than it would if you were trading H4, Daily or Weekly charts. You can see exactly how much it accounts for each trade in my spreadsheet if you're interested. TDA does not have the best spreads, so you could probably improve these results with another broker. EDIT: I grabbed typical spreads from other brokers, and turns out while TDA is pretty competitive on majors, their minors/crosses are awful! IG beats them by 20-40% and Oanda beats them 30-60%! Using IG spreads for calculations increased profits considerably (another 5% on top) and Oanda spreads increased profits massively (another 15%!). Definitely going to be considering another broker than TDA for this strategy. Plus that'll allow me to trade micro-lots, so I can be more granular(and thus accurate) with my position sizing and compounding.
A Note on Spread
As you can see in the data, there were scenarios where the spread was 80% of the overall size of the trade(the size of the confirmation candle that you draw your fibonacci retracements over), which would obviously cut heavily into your profits. Removing any trades where the spread is more than 50% of the trade width improved profits slightly without removing many trades, but this is almost certainly just coincidence on a small sample size. Going below 40% and even down to 30% starts to cut out a lot of trades for the less-common pairs, but doesn't actually change overall profits at all(~1% either way). However, digging all the way down to 25% starts to really make some movement. Profit at the -161.8% TP level jumps up to 37.94% if you filter out anything with a spread that is more than 25% of the trade width! And this even keeps the sample size fairly large at 187 total trades. You can get your profits all the way up to 48.43% at the -161.8% TP level if you filter all the way down to only trades where spread is less than 15% of the trade width, however your sample size gets much smaller at that point(108 trades) so I'm not sure I would trust that as being accurate in the long term. Overall based on this data, I'm going to only take trades where the spread is less than 25% of the trade width. This may bias my trades more towards the majors, which would mean a lot more correlated trades as well(more on correlation below), but I think it is a reasonable precaution regardless.
Time of Day
Time of day had an interesting effect on trades. In a totally predictable fashion, a vast majority of setups occurred during the London and New York sessions: 5am-12pm Eastern. However, there was one outlier where there were many setups on the 11PM bar - and the winrate was about the same as the big hours in the London session. No idea why this hour in particular - anyone have any insight? That's smack in the middle of the Tokyo/Sydney overlap, not at the open or close of either. On many of the hour slices I have a feeling I'm just dealing with small number statistics here since I didn't have a lot of data when breaking it down by individual hours. But here it is anyway - for all TP levels, these three things showed up(all in Eastern time):
7pm-4am: Fewer setups, but winrate high.
5am-6am: Lots of setups, but but winrate low.
12pm-3pm Medium number of setups, but winrate low.
I don't have any reason to think these timeframes would maintain this behavior over the long term. They're almost certainly meaningless. EDIT: When you de-dup highly correlated trades, the number of trades in these timeframes really drops, so from this data there is no reason to think these timeframes would be any different than any others in terms of winrate. That being said, these time frames work out for me pretty well because I typically sleep 12am-7am Eastern time. So I automatically avoid the 5am-6am timeframe, and I'm awake for the majority of this system's setups.
Moving stops up to breakeven
This section goes against everything I know and have ever heard about trade management. Please someone find something wrong with my data. I'd love for someone to check my formulas, but I realize that's a pretty insane time commitment to ask of a bunch of strangers. Anyways. What I found was that for these trades moving stops up...basically at all...actually reduced the overall profitability. One of the data points I collected while charting was where the price retraced back to after hitting a certain milestone. i.e. once the price hit the -61.8% profit level, how far back did it retrace before hitting the -100% profit level(if at all)? And same goes for the -100% profit level - how far back did it retrace before hitting the -161.8% profit level(if at all)? Well, some complex excel formulas later and here's what the results appear to be. Emphasis on appears because I honestly don't believe it. I must have done something wrong here, but I've gone over it a hundred times and I can't find anything out of place.
Moving SL up to 0% when the price hits -61.8%, TP at -100%
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account): 5.36%
Taking half position off at -61.8%, moving SL up to 0%, TP remaining half at -100%
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account): -1.01% (yes, a net loss)
Now, you might think exactly what I did when looking at these numbers: oof, the spread killed us there right? Because even when you move your SL to 0%, you still end up paying the spread, so it's not truly "breakeven". And because we are trading on a lower timeframe, the spread can be pretty hefty right? Well even when I manually modified the data so that the spread wasn't subtracted(i.e. "Breakeven" was truly +/- 0), things don't look a whole lot better, and still way worse than the passive trade management method of leaving your stops in place and letting it run. And that isn't even a realistic scenario because to adjust out the spread you'd have to move your stoploss inside the candle edge by at least the spread amount, meaning it would almost certainly be triggered more often than in the data I collected(which was purely based on the fib levels and mark price). Regardless, here are the numbers for that scenario:
Moving SL up to 0% when the price hits -61.8%, TP at -100%
Winrate(breakeven doesn't count as a win): 46.4%
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account): 17.97%
Taking half position off at -61.8%, moving SL up to 0%, TP remaining half at -100%
Winrate(breakeven doesn't count as a win): 65.97%
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account): 11.60%
From a literal standpoint, what I see behind this behavior is that 44 of the 69 breakeven trades(65%!) ended up being profitable to -100% after retracing deeply(but not to the original SL level), which greatly helped offset the purely losing trades better than the partial profit taken at -61.8%. And 36 went all the way back to -161.8% after a deep retracement without hitting the original SL. Anyone have any insight into this? Is this a problem with just not enough data? It seems like enough trades that a pattern should emerge, but again I'm no expert. I also briefly looked at moving stops to other lower levels (78.6%, 61.8%, 50%, 38.2%, 23.6%), but that didn't improve things any. No hard data to share as I only took a quick look - and I still might have done something wrong overall. The data is there to infer other strategies if anyone would like to dig in deep(more explanation on the spreadsheet below). I didn't do other combinations because the formulas got pretty complicated and I had already answered all the questions I was looking to answer.
2-Candle vs Confirmation Candle Stops
Another interesting point is that the original system has the SL level(for stop entries) just at the outer edge of the 2-candle pattern that makes up the system. Out of pure laziness, I set up my stops just based on the confirmation candle. And as it turns out, that is much a much better way to go about it. Of the 60 purely losing trades, only 9 of them(15%) would go on to be winners with stops on the 2-candle formation. Certainly not enough to justify the extra loss and/or reduced profits you are exposing yourself to in every single other trade by setting a wider SL. Oddly, in every single scenario where the wider stop did save the trade, it ended up going all the way to the -161.8% profit level. Still, not nearly worth it.
As I've said many times now, I'm really not qualified to be doing an analysis like this. This section in particular. Looking at shared currency among the pairs traded, 74 of the trades are correlated. Quite a large group, but it makes sense considering the sort of moves we're looking for with this system. This means you are opening yourself up to more risk if you were to trade on every signal since you are technically trading with the same underlying sentiment on each different pair. For example, GBP/USD and AUD/USD moving together almost certainly means it's due to USD moving both pairs, rather than GBP and AUD both moving the same size and direction coincidentally at the same time. So if you were to trade both signals, you would very likely win or lose both trades - meaning you are actually risking double what you'd normally risk(unless you halve both positions which can be a good option, and is discussed in ParallaxFX's posts and in various other places that go over pair correlation. I won't go into detail about those strategies here). Interestingly though, 17 of those apparently correlated trades ended up with different wins/losses. Also, looking only at trades that were correlated, winrate is 83%/70%/55% (for the three TP levels). Does this give some indication that the same signal on multiple pairs means the signal is stronger? That there's some strong underlying sentiment driving it? Or is it just a matter of too small a sample size? The winrate isn't really much higher than the overall winrates, so that makes me doubt it is statistically significant. One more funny tidbit: EUCAD netted the lowest overall winrate: 30% to even the -61.8% TP level on 10 trades. Seems like that is just a coincidence and not enough data, but dang that's a sucky losing streak. EDIT: WOW I spent some time removing correlated trades manually and it changed the results quite a bit. Some thoughts on this below the results. These numbers also include the other "What I will trade" filters. I added a new worksheet to my data to show what I ended up picking.
Total Trades: 75
TP at -61.8%: 84.00%
TP at -100%: 73.33%
TP at -161.8%: 60.00%
Moving SL up to 0% when the price hits -61.8%, TP at -100%: 53.33%
Taking half position off at -61.8%, moving SL up to 0%, TP remaining half at -100%: 53.33% (yes, oddly the exact same winrate. but different trades/profits)
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account):
TP at -61.8%: 18.13%
TP at -100%: 26.20%
TP at -161.8%: 34.01%
Moving SL up to 0% when the price hits -61.8%, TP at -100%: 19.20%
Taking half position off at -61.8%, moving SL up to 0%, TP remaining half at -100%: 17.29%
To do this, I removed correlated trades - typically by choosing those whose spread had a lower % of the trade width since that's objective and something I can see ahead of time. Obviously I'd like to only keep the winning trades, but I won't know that during the trade. This did reduce the overall sample size down to a level that I wouldn't otherwise consider to be big enough, but since the results are generally consistent with the overall dataset, I'm not going to worry about it too much. I may also use more discretionary methods(support/resistance, quality of indecision/confirmation candles, news/sentiment for the pairs involved, etc) to filter out correlated trades in the future. But as I've said before I'm going for a pretty mechanical system. This brought the 3 TP levels and even the breakeven strategies much closer together in overall profit. It muted the profit from the high R:R strategies and boosted the profit from the low R:R strategies. This tells me pair correlation was skewing my data quite a bit, so I'm glad I dug in a little deeper. Fortunately my original conclusion to use the -161.8 TP level with static stops is still the winner by a good bit, so it doesn't end up changing my actions. There were a few times where MANY (6-8) correlated pairs all came up at the same time, so it'd be a crapshoot to an extent. And the data showed this - often then won/lost together, but sometimes they did not. As an arbitrary rule, the more correlations, the more trades I did end up taking(and thus risking). For example if there were 3-5 correlations, I might take the 2 "best" trades given my criteria above. 5+ setups and I might take the best 3 trades, even if the pairs are somewhat correlated. I have no true data to back this up, but to illustrate using one example: if AUD/JPY, AUD/USD, CAD/JPY, USD/CAD all set up at the same time (as they did, along with a few other pairs on 6/19/20 9:00 AM), can you really say that those are all the same underlying movement? There are correlations between the different correlations, and trying to filter for that seems rough. Although maybe this is a known thing, I'm still pretty green to Forex - someone please enlighten me if so! I might have to look into this more statistically, but it would be pretty complex to analyze quantitatively, so for now I'm going with my gut and just taking a few of the "best" trades out of the handful. Overall, I'm really glad I went further on this. The boosting of the B/E strategies makes me trust my calculations on those more since they aren't so far from the passive management like they were with the raw data, and that really had me wondering what I did wrong.
What I will trade
Putting all this together, I am going to attempt to trade the following(demo for a bit to make sure I have the hang of it, then for keeps):
"System Details" I described above.
TP at -161.8%
Static SL at opposite side of confirmation candle - I won't move stops up to breakeven.
Trade only 7am-11am and 4pm-11pm signals.
Nothing where spread is more than 25% of trade width.
Looking at the data for these rules, test results are:
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account): 47.43%
I'll be sure to let everyone know how it goes!
Other Technical Details
ATR is only slightly elevated in this date range from historical levels, so this should fairly closely represent reality even after the COVID volatility leaves the scalpers sad and alone.
The sample size is much too small for anything really meaningful when you slice by hour or pair. I wasn't particularly looking to test a specific pair here - just the system overall as if you were going to trade it on all pairs with a reasonable spread.
Here's the spreadsheet for anyone that'd like it. (EDIT: Updated some of the setups from the last few days that have fully played out now. I also noticed a few typos, but nothing major that would change the overall outcomes. Regardless, I am currently reviewing every trade to ensure they are accurate.UPDATE: Finally all done. Very few corrections, no change to results.) I have some explanatory notes below to help everyone else understand the spiraled labyrinth of a mind that put the spreadsheet together.
I'm on the East Coast in the US, so the timestamps are Eastern time.
Time stamp is from the confirmation candle, not the indecision candle. So 7am would mean the indecision candle was 6:00-6:59 and the confirmation candle is 7:00-7:59 and you'd put in your order at 8:00.
I found a couple AM/PM typos as I was reviewing the data, so let me know if a trade doesn't make sense and I'll correct it.
Insanely detailed spreadsheet notes
For you real nerds out there. Here's an explanation of what each column means:
Pair - duh
Date/Time - Eastern time, confirmation candle as stated above
Win to -61.8%? - whether the trade made it to the -61.8% TP level before it hit the original SL.
Win to -100%? - whether the trade made it to the -100% TP level before it hit the original SL.
Win to -161.8%? - whether the trade made it to the -161.8% TP level before it hit the original SL.
Retracement level between -61.8% and -100% - how deep the price retraced after hitting -61.8%, but before hitting -100%. Be careful to look for the negative signs, it's easy to mix them up. Using the fib% levels defined in ParallaxFX's original thread. A plain hyphen "-" means it did not retrace, but rather went straight through -61.8% to -100%. Positive 100 means it hit the original SL.
Retracement level between -100% and -161.8% - how deep the price retraced after hitting -100%, but before hitting -161.8%. Be careful to look for the negative signs, it's easy to mix them up. Using the fib% levels defined in ParallaxFX's original thread. A plain hyphen "-" means it did not retrace, but rather went straight through -100% to -161.8%. Positive 100 means it hit the original SL.
Trade Width(Pips) - the size of the confirmation candle, and thus the "width" of your trade on which to determine position size, draw fib levels, etc.
Loser saved by 2 candle stop? - for all losing trades, whether or not the 2-candle stop loss would have saved the trade and how far it ended up getting if so. "No" means it didn't save it, N/A means it wasn't a losing trade so it's not relevant.
Spread(ThinkorSwim) - these are typical spreads for these pairs on ToS.
Spread % of Width - How big is the spread compared to the trade width? Not used in any calculations, but interesting nonetheless.
True Risk(Trade Width + Spread) - I set my SL at the opposite side of the confirmation candle knowing that I'm actually exposing myself to slightly more risk because of the spread(stop order = market order when submitted, so you pay the spread). So this tells you how many pips you are actually risking despite the Trade Width. I prefer this over setting the stop inside from the edge of the candle because some pairs have a wide spread that would mess with the system overall. But also many, many of these trades retraced very nearly to the edge of the confirmation candle, before ending up nicely profitable. If you keep your risk per trade at 1%, you're talking a true risk of, at most, 1.25% (in worst-case scenarios with the spread being 25% of the trade width as I am going with above).
Win or Loss in %(1% risk) including spread TP -61.8% - not going to go into huge detail, see the spreadsheet for calculations if you want. But, in a nutshell, if the trade was a win to 61.8%, it returns a positive # based on 61.8% of the trade width, minus the spread. Otherwise, it returns the True Risk as a negative. Both normalized to the 1% risk you started with.
Win or Loss in %(1% risk) including spread TP -100% - same as the last, but 100% of Trade Width.
Win or Loss in %(1% risk) including spread TP -161.8% - same as the last, but 161.8% of Trade Width.
Win or Loss in %(1% risk) including spread TP -100%, and move SL to breakeven at 61.8% - uses the retracement level columns to calculate profit/loss the same as the last few columns, but assuming you moved SL to 0% fib level after price hit -61.8%. Then full TP at 100%.
Win or Loss in %(1% risk) including spread take off half of position at -61.8%, move SL to breakeven, TP 100% - uses the retracement level columns to calculate profit/loss the same as the last few columns, but assuming you took of half the position and moved SL to 0% fib level after price hit -61.8%. Then TP the remaining half at 100%.
Overall Growth(-161.8% TP, 1% Risk) - pretty straightforward. Assuming you risked 1% on each trade, what the overall growth level would be chronologically(spreadsheet is sorted by date).
Based on the reasonable rules I discovered in this backtest:
Date range: 6/11-7/3
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account): 47.43%
Demo Trading Results
Since this post, I started demo trading this system assuming a 5k capital base and risking ~1% per trade. I've added the details to my spreadsheet for anyone interested. The results are pretty similar to the backtest when you consider real-life conditions/timing are a bit different. I missed some trades due to life(work, out of the house, etc), so that brought my total # of trades and thus overall profit down, but the winrate is nearly identical. I also closed a few trades early due to various reasons(not liking the price action, seeing support/resistance emerge, etc). A quick note is that TD's paper trade system fills at the mid price for both stop and limit orders, so I had to subtract the spread from the raw trade values to get the true profit/loss amount for each trade. I'm heading out of town next week, then after that it'll be time to take this sucker live!
Date range: 7/9-7/30
Adjusted Proft % (takes spread into account): 20.73%
Starting Balance: $5,000
Ending Balance: $6,036.51
Live Trading Results
I started live-trading this system on 8/10, and almost immediately had a string of losses much longer than either my backtest or demo period. Murphy's law huh? Anyways, that has me spooked so I'm doing a longer backtest before I start risking more real money. It's going to take me a little while due to the volume of trades, but I'll likely make a new post once I feel comfortable with that and start live trading again.
Hello fellow Forexers, Newb here looking for a little guidance on taking the spread into account when setting my stops and take profits. I feel like I'm close to wrapping my head around it but not quite. For example, let's say the price is currently at 1.5550/1.5548 so a spread of 2.0. If I want to place a Limit Buy order to go Long do I need to add or subtract an extra 2 pips to my order? Same with my profits and stops? Not sure if this question even makes sense but any guidance would be much much appreciated. I can give more concrete examples if that will help. Much thanks
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Các phiên giao dịch trong thị trường đầu tư Forex – Phần 1
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Từ 3:00 – 4:00 am EDT, phiên Tokyo và phiên London trùng nhau, và từ 8:00-12:00 am EDT, phiên London và phiên New York trùng nhau. Dĩ nhiên, đây là khoảng thời gian sôi động nhất trong một ngày giao dịch với khối lượng giao dịch nhiều hơn, do cả 2 thị trường cùng mở cửa. Điều này có nghĩa, trong suốt thời gian này, tất cả các nhà giao dịch của cả 2 thị trường đều cùng giao dịch và số lượng tiền trao đổi nhiều hơn. Bây giờ, có lẽ bạn đang nhìn giờ mở cửa của Sydney và suy nghĩ tại sao nó thay đổi 2 giờ đồng hồ. Bạn sẽ cho rằng, phiên mở của Sydney chỉ dời 1 tiếng khi Mỹ thay đổi thành East Standard Time (EST), nhưng bạn hãy nhớ rằng, khi Mỹ lùi lại 1 tiếng, thì Sydney lại tăng thêm 1 tiếng (các mùa đổi ngược tại Úc). Bạn nên ghi nhớ điều này nếu bạn dự định giao dịch trong thời điểm đó. Nào, giờ ta hãy xem số lượng pips di chuyển của các cặp tiền chính trong mỗi phiên giao dịch. Bạn có thể dễ dàng thấy thị trường đầu tư Forex di chuyển nhiều nhất tại thời điểm phiên London đang mở cửa. Tiếp theo, chúng ta sẽ xem xét sâu hơn về từng phiên giao dịch, cũng như các thời điểm mà 2 phiên chồng lên nhau. Phiên Tokyo Giờ mở cửa của phiên Châu Á vào 7:00pm EST đánh dấu sự bắt đầu của đồng hồ Forex. Bạn nên lưu ý rằng, phiên Tokyo đôi khi được gọi là phiên Châu Á, bởi vì Tokyo là thủ đô tài chính của Châu Á. Một điểm đáng chú ý nữa là Nhật Bản giao dịch ngoại hối lớn thứ ba trên thế giới. Điều này cũng không quá ngạc nhiên kể từ khi đồng Yên là đồng tiền thứ 3 được giao dịch nhiều nhất, chiếm 16.50% của tất cả các giao dịch ngoại hối. Nhìn chung, khoảng 21% tất cả các giao dịch ngoại hối diễn ra trong phiên này. Sau đây là một số đặc điểm quan trọng mà bạn nên biết về phiên Tokyo: Hoạt động này không chỉ giới hạn trong nước Nhật. Có một khối lượng lớn các giao dịch Forex đến từ các điểm nóng tài chính khác như Hong Kong, Singapore và Sydney. Những người tham gia chính trong trong phiên Tokyo là công ty thương mại (chủ yếu là công ty xuất khẩu) và ngân hàng trung ương. Hãy nhớ rằng, nền kinh tế của Nhật Bản phụ thuộc rất nhiều vào xuất khẩu, và với Trung Quốc cũng là một điểm giao dịch sôi động với rất nhiều giao dịch được thực hiện mỗi ngày. Tính thanh khoản đôi khi rất nhỏ. Sẽ có khi giao dịch trong thời gian này như bạn đi câu cá vậy, bạn phải chờ 1 thời gian dài, rất lâu trước khi nhận được kết quả. Nhiều khả năng bạn sẽ thấy di chuyển mạnh mẽ hơn ở các cặp tiền tệ Châu Á như AUD/USD và NZD/USD. Trong khoảng thời gian thanh khoản thấp, hầu hết các tiền có lẽ sẽ dao động trong một biên độ. Điều này tạo một cơ hội để giao dịch ngắn hạn hoặc có khả năng giao dịch break out trong ngày. Hầu hết các hoạt động giao dịch được diễn ra vào đầu phiên, khi mà nhiều hơn các tin tức kinh tế được phát hành. Sự biến động từ phiên Tokyo có thể thiết lập xu hướng còn lại trong ngày. Nhà giao dịch sẽ xem xét những gì xảy ra tại phiên Tokyo và từ đó tổ chức và đánh giá chiến lược cho các phiên tiếp theo. Thông thường sau một sự di chuyển mạnh mẽ từ phiên New York, bạn có thể thấy sự đồng thuận cùng xu hướng trong phiên Tokyo. Cũng giống như 2 phiên trên, câu hỏi được đặt ra là bạn nên giao dịch cặp tiền tệ nào? Trong phiên Tokyo, cũng là thời điểm mà tin tức từ Australia, New Zealand, và Nhật sẽ phát hành, do đó đây là cơ hội tốt để giao dịch theo tin tức. Ngoài ra, các cặp tiền tệ của đồng Yên cũng có thể di chuyển mạnh hơn do các công ty Nhật Bản đang tiến hành công việc kinh doanh của họ. Lưu ý rằng Trung Quốc cũng là một siêu cường kinh tế, do đó khi có tin tức phát đi từ Trung Quốc, nó có xu hướng tạo một biến động mạnh mẽ. Với Australia và Nhật Bản cũng phụ thuộc rất nhiều và nhu cầu từ Trung Quốc, do đó ta có sẽ thấy sự di chuyển mạnh hơn với AUD và JPY khi tin tức của Trung Quốc được phát hành. Vậy là bạn đã biết về phiên giao dịch đầu tiên, bây giờ hãy tiếp tục xem bạn có thể giao dịch thế nào tại phiên London. Phiên London Khi thị trường Châu Á bắt đầu đóng cửa là lúc thị trường Châu Âu bắt đầu 1 ngày mới. Có rất nhiều trung tâm tài chính trên khắp Châu Âu, và London là thị trường mà người tham gia chú ý nhất. Trong lịch sử, London luôn là một trung tâm giao dịch thương mại, nhờ vào vị trí chiến lược của nó. Không có gì ngạc nhiên khi London được coi là vốn ngoại tệ của thế giới với hàng ngàn doanh nhân thực hiện giao dịch mỗi phút. Ước tính khoảng 30% giao dịch ngoại hối được thực hiện trong phiên London. Đây là một vài nét ngắn gọn về phiên Châu Âu : Bởi vì phiên London nối giữa 2 phiên giao dịch lớn cửa thị trường đầu tư Forex, và London là một trung tâm tài chính quan trọng, phần lớn các giao dịch ngoại hối diễn ra trong phiên này. Điều này kéo theo sự thanh khoản cao và chi phí giao dịch thấp hơn, ví dụ chi phí spread thấp hơn. Do số lương lớn các giao dịch diễn ra, phiên London thường là phiên giao dịch sôi động nhất. Hầu hết các xu hướng của giá bắt đầu từ phiên London, và chúng sẽ kéo dài đến khi bắt đầu phiên New York. Xu hướng biến động sẽ giảm ở giữa phiên, khi các nhà giao dịch thường đi ăn trưa trước khi chờ đợi phiên New York mở cửa. Xu hướng đôi khi bị đảo ngược vào cuối phiên London, khi mà các nhà giao dịch Châu Âu quyết định chốt lời giao dịch của họ. Vậy bạn nên giao dịch cặp tiền tệ nào? Bởi vì khối lượng giao dịch đầu tư Forex diễn ra lớn, tính thanh khoản cao trong suốt thời gian của phiên Châu Âu, cho nên hầu hết các cặp tiền đều có thể được giao dịch. Tất nhiên, tốt nhất vẫn là các cặp chính (EUUSD, GBP/USD, USD/JPY,và USD/CHF) với phí spread thường là thấp nhất. Ngoài ra, còn có các cặp thường bị ảnh hưởng trực tiếp từ các báo cáo tin tức được phát hành trong phiên Châu Âu. Bạn cũng có thể thử với đồng Yên (như EUJPY và GBP/JPY) khi mà xu hướng của nó thường biến động vào thời điểm này. Tuy nhiên, do đây là những cặp lai, spread của nó có thể sẽ lớn hơn một chút.
Đối với nhiều người mới tìm hiểu về forex, việc hiểu ý nghĩa các thuật ngữ chuyên môn trước khi tham giagiao dịch forexlà điều bắt buộc. Rất nhiều lần, tôi nhận được câu hỏi dạng như thế này: Tôi hoàn toàn chưa biết gì về forex, tôi nên bắt đầu từ đâu? Ở bài viết này, tôi sẽ giải đáp một số từ ngữ chuyên môn trong forex cho các bạn nắm bắt được khái niệm cơ bản trước khi bước vào giao dịch forex demo để trade thử. 1. Đồng tiền chính và đồng tiền phụ Trong Forex có 8 loại tiền thường được giao dịch là USD, EUR, JPY, GBP, CHF, CAD, NZD và AUD được gọi là các đồng tiền chính. Đây là các đồng tiền có thanh khoản cao và sức hấp dẫn. Những đồng tiền còn lại được xem là các đồng tiền phụ. 2. Đồng tiền yết giá Là đồng tiền nằm trước trong mỗi cặp tiền được yết giá. Nó thể hiện giá trị của đồng tiền này, tức là muốn đổi được 1 đồng tiền yết giá phải tốn bao nhiêu đồng tiền đi cặp với nó. Ví dụ như tỷ giá USDCHF là 1.6350 tức là 1 USD đáng giá 1.6350 CHF. Trong thị trường tài chính thì thường đồng USD đóng vai trò yết giá, chỉ trong một số trường hợp là không phải như các cặp EURUSD, GBPUSD, AUDUSD và NZDUSD. 3. Đồng tiền định giá Là đồng tiền đứng sau trong các cặp tiền. 4. Pip Là đơn vị nhỏ nhất của giá trong các đồng tiền. Hầu như các cặp tiền đều có 4 số thập phân nên pip là đơn vị nhỏ nhất, tương đương với 0.0001, như vậy, thường 1 pip tương đương với 1/100 cent của Mỹ nếu trường hợp USD đóng vai trò đồng tiền định giá. Trong trường hợp đồng tiền định giá là JPY thì 1 pip tương đương với 0.01. 5. Pipette 1 pipette tức là 1/10 của pip. Pipette tùy theo cty báo giá sẽ có hoặc không có. Pipette là con số thập phân thứ 5 trong báo giá. Ví dụ nếu EURUSD có báo giá là 1.32156 tăng lên 1.32158 thì đó là tăng 2 pipette. 6. Bid Là giá mà ngân hàng hoặc cty môi giới mua một đồng tiền nào đó và cũng là giá mà nếu bạn bán ra thị trường, bạn sẽ được khớp giá này. Giá này là giá đưng trước trong báo giá Ví dụ báo giá là GBPUSD : 1.8812/1.8815 thì giá Bid là 1.8812, có nghĩa là nếu bạn bán cặp tiền này thì thị trường sẽ mua lại ở mức giá 1.8812. 7. Ask/offer price Là mức giá mà thị trường chào bán cho bạn, tức là nếu bạn đặt lệnh mua thì bạn được khớp giá này. Giá này là giá đứng sau trong báo giá. Ví dụ báo giá của EURUSD là 1.2812/1.2815 thì giá chào bán – ask – là 1.2815, có nghĩa là bạn mua cặp tiền này thì bạn khớp giá 1.2815. 8. Spread Spread thì chênh lệch giữa giá chào mua / chào bán. Ví dụ như EURUSD là 1.2812/1.2815 thì spread là 3 pips. Qui định báo giá trên thị trường thường thấy là: Đồng tiền yết giá / Đồng tiền định giá = Bid / Ask (ví dụ : GBPUSD = 1.6250/55) 9. Phí giao dịch Chi phí giao dịch này chính là spread, là khoản phí bạn mất cho 1 giao dịch 1 vòng (bao gồm 1 lệnh mua và 1 lệnh bán cùng 1 khối lượng). Ví dụ như EURUSD = 1.2812/1.2815 thì chi phí giao dịch (spread) = ask – bid = 3 pips. 10. Cross pair Là những cặp tiền không không có đồng USD trong đó. Thực ra những cặp tiền này được hình thành từ những cặp tiền có đồng USD, ví dụ như bạn mua cặp tiền EURGBP tức là bạn mua 2 cặp là EURUSD và bán cặp tiền GBPUSD, cụ thể hơn : Mua EURUSD = mua EUR bán USD Bán GBPUSD = bán GBP mua USD Cộng 2 vế 2 bên lại ta được: Mua EURGBP = Mua EUR bán GBP Như vậy giao dịch cặp EURGBP là giao dịch thông qua 2 cặp EURUSD và GBPUSD 11. Margin Khi bạn mở tài khoản giao dịch forex, bạn cần bỏ vào đó 1 số tiền và số tiền đó gọi là tiền ký quỹ. Yêu cầu số tiền là bao nhiêu tùy thuộc vào công ty môi giới, có thể là 100 usd hoặc 100.000 usd. Mỗi khi bạn đặt lệnh, sẽ có 1 phần tiền nhất định được giữ như là yêu cầu ký quỹ cần thiết cho lệnh này. Số tiền được giữ tùy theo khối lượng lệnh bạn giao dịch và loại tiền bạn giao dịch. Ví dụ bạn mở 1 tài khoản mini với đòn bẩy được cho phép là 1:200, tức là 0.5% ký quỹ. Cho rằng mỗi lot mini là 10.000 usd và bạn giao dịch 1 lot mini, cty sẽ yêu cầu bạn phải có 50 usd ký quỹ ban đầu vì 1 lot mini là 10.000 usd x 0.5% tỷ lệ ký quỹ yêu cầu = 50 usd. 12. Đòn bẩy Là tỷ lệ giữa số vốn cần ký quỹ và số tiền được giao dịch sau khi đã ký quỹ. Điều này giúp chúng ta chỉ cần bỏ 1 số vốn nhỏ để giao dịch 1 số tiền lớn. Đòn bẩy có tỷ lệ khác nhau tùy theo công ty môi giới, mức độ có thể là 1:2 đến 1:500.
Is it me, or is the quiz offered on this Forex training site wrong?
I'm still learning, so I could be wrong, but I can't figure out why my answers to this training site's Forex test were wrong, so I'm not sure I should trust this site. Here's why I think they're each wrong, can someone let me know if I'm wrong on any of these and why?
You can't translate pips to a flat profit amount, it depends on the percent change.
There are 4 major currency pairs, the others are commodity currencies, but not considered majors.
Liquidity is about a tighter spread, and there being more buyers/sellers available, not how much it moves.
The S&P 500 isn't necessarily the 500 largest, but is constructed based on a few other criteria besides just size.
I'm somewhat new to forex and I wanted to double check that I've accurately squared something away in my head. It concerns the basics of bids and asks. Is the following correct? Say I want to buy a given currency at the current time, I'm offered an ask and a bid price. Since I'm buying I will purchase at the ask price (as bid and ask are from broker's perspective, right?). Sometime later, hopefully when the price has risen by at least as many pips as the spread (so as to not lose money), I will be selling my position (and this is the bit I find confusing). Since I'm now reversing by buying position I'm now selling so am I correct in thinking that it's the bid price that is now relevant and I can exit my position based on whatever bid the broker is now offering? If I was initially selling, would the opposite apply? The above is what I would have thought was the case, but I've realised I'm not entirely sure as it's conceivably possible that the bids could go on being relevant for the buyers and the asks for the sellers. I'm not quite sure how the broker makes money in that case though, so the way I've laid it out above before seems right to me.
I have a target of gaining 0.3% a day (five days a week) trading Forex. How difficult would it be to achieve this target by scalping? For my broker, I will be using [XTB](www.xtb.com) and will mainly trade the EUUSD currency pair, which on the standard account has a spread of (around) 0.7 pips with no commision. With these conditions how difficult would it be to scalp 0.3% every day?
Hello traders. I am kinda new with forex. Still studying baby pips and have watched some YT. I tried backtesting GBPUSD with a plan I come up with which I though not really that promising because of some flaw in it. I am backtesting with 200 USD just to make sure that the system works, and when I start with a live account I can re-create the plan with 200 USD and start compounding. This is my plan for now:
1 hr chart
ATR 14, for SL and lot size
2% risk per trade
2 trade (1 with 1:1 RR, 1 w/o TP but close when Aroon crossed)
Let the trade (1:1 RR) run until it hits SL or TP
If the trade (1:1 RR) hit TP, the trade w/o tp should close on the next Aroon cross
Hey, I hope you're doing well. Forex market gives you all sorts of emotion at the start. You'll learn to not feel anything in your journey. The reason I wrote the post is to give some tips, see I started not too long ago and found out some tips that would have saved me from blowing my account. 1) Don't bet against the market, you aren't pro yet like in the Big Short. Trade the trends. 2) Price actions matters most, technical analysis and fundamental analysis are good tools but what's telling you what is the charts. 3) Use ATR (average true range) to determine how many lots you want to allocate. Also don't forget to calculate the price per pip. 4) Don't trade on public holidays. Most heavy movers are not there so the market tend to have very high spreads. This will eat you up unless you know what you're doing and your stop loss is very strong. 5) When you have bad trade days, quit trading. Don't chase it. I know this feeling man, it sucks. But you have to accept the error and learn from it. Trade when everything is in your favor. 6) Don't get overconfident just because you're ahead! Protect your wins at all costs. Sometimes it's better not to trade. You do not have to trade daily, while the idea of making money everyday sounds cool realistically some days you will be sitting in front of screen planning your next trade. 7) This one is something you might already know, don't ever sell low and buy high. It works sometime but you are giving yourself a huge risk. And your stop loss will likely hit, basically wasting good money. 8) Take your wins, don't get too greedy. Currencies are correalated with one another, check the health of the trend if it starts slowing down you might want to take your profits. 9)Don't put too much pressure on yourself, you will get there. You will learn and be successful how you want. Don't rush, don't over trade. That's all that I can think of. Personally, I have blown 2 live accounts with thousands in it. Right now I am seeing profits consistently, but it wasn't easy. It's hard to win back your losses, so cut them off when you can. And don't hold on to them! Never put your hard earned money hoping for someone else to move the trend. Ride the trend, respect it and enjoy your winnings. I hope this helps you out, from the bottom of my heart. To my senior traders, please feel free to give me further advice. I am always looking to learn and improve. Good luck and stay safe!
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Can anyone guide me on a good regulated Forex broker that is swap free and has low spread (less than 5 pips on average) and low commission cost. I have been looking for some online but could not find any good brokers. If anyone can guide me on a good broker that would be ideal.
A couple of weeks ago, I posted a question about currency conversion costs. Between the fact that no one seemed able to answer it, and my surprise at what I learned, I thought I'd post my findings here. I got one Forex broker on the phone. Other sites seem to quote the same rate, so for the moment, I'm assuming they all work roughly the same way. The Red Herring My original question concerned the possibility of double spread costs when trading pairs that don't include our account currency. Fortunately, this turns out not to be a thing. However... They do apply a whopping 0.0050 (50 pip!) currency conversion fee to the majority of trades, including those involving our account currency. To understand how it works, I had to remind myself that in retail Forex we're not actually trading any currencies. We're trading "contracts for the difference" in given exchange rates, between the open and close of our positions. The Good News The good news is that since we never actually hold the currencies represented by our positions the currency conversion fee doesn't apply to them. It only applies to any profit/loss that closing our positions realizes in another currency. So while the currency conversion fee diminishes a win or increases a loss, it can't turn a win into a loss. The Bad News The bad news is that the currency conversion fee applies any time the counter currency isn't our account currency, including when the base currency is our account currency, and including when we short that pair. For example, our account is in USD, and we short USD/CAD. This is often spoken of as buying CAD with our USD, then later buying USD with the CAD we were holding, in which case our profit/loss would be in USD — our account currency — with no further conversion to be done. But that's not what's really happening. Shorting this pair is "selling" a number of "contracts for the difference" in the opening and closing USD/CAD rate, with that rate quoted, and therefore the profit/loss realized, in CAD, which then gets converted to our account currency, at a cost. And with the majority of pairs having a counter currency different from our account currency, that means we're paying this fee on most position we take.
Boas a todos, Esta denuncia é mais virada para os portugueses que pretendam iniciar actividade no Forex. Existe uma pessoa que de denomina por António Alves no instragram, alegadamente criou um robo para operar no mercado. Diariamente ele publica lucras excepcionais nas suas histórias, mostrando enormes lucros. A situação é a seguinte, ele vai pedir 50 euros para uma "taxa de entrada", acontece que esse dinheiro é para dar a quem vos indicou o seu robo ou então, caso tenham entrado por iniciativa própria, esse dinheiro é simplesmente para ele. Vai pedir um deposito de 300 ou 500 euros, sendo que o de 500 euros tem direito a um bónus (que acrescenta aos 500 que depositaram outros 500 dados pela corretora) que faz com que os lucros sejam partilhados com a corretora. Não podem levantar o que a corretora lá mete e dos lucros que têm apenas podem levantar metade. Tive cerca de 1 mês com ele, é ele que opera a vossa conta. Nesse mês perdi de uma vez 300 euros, tinha depositado 500, posteriormente e muito recentemente, perdi tudo o que tinha na banca, eu mais 4 amigos meus que entramos todos na mesma altura. A resposta dele foi que o mercado esteve num dia mau. Perdi assim todo o investimento em menos de 1 mês. Já ele continua a mostrar grandes lucros para incentivar mais clientes e ganhar com as comissões da corretora. A corretora que ele utiliza é a ironfx (https://www.ironfx.com/pt), a corretora com os spreads mais altos que já vi, em hora de mercado activo chega aos 2.5 pips muito facilmente, na grande maioria até são bem maiores. O site da "empresa" desta pessoa é o seguinte https://aafxcapital.com/ , o no instagram podem encontra-lo como (antonioalvesfx). Muito cuidado porque o robo dele tem um backdown gigante para muito pouco lucro, ele fala de pouco risco nos vários modos do robo, não acreditem. O risco é enorme e em menos de 1 mês eu e outros 3 amigos meus rebentamos a banca, não sobrou 1 cêntimo. Venho descrever-vos esta situação porque também eu gostava de ter sido avisado. Cumprimentos
The difference between the two is called the spread and is measured in pips. Buy orders are executed at the higher ask price, while sell orders are executed at the lower bid price. This means that ... It’s just built into the bid/ask spread! How is the Spread in Forex Trading Measured? The spread is usually measured in pips, which is the smallest unit of the price movement of a currency pair. For most currency pairs, one pip is equal to 0.0001. An example of a 2 pip spread for EUR/USD would be 1.1051/1.1053. In der Praxis wird vor allem der Spread in Pips ausgedrückt, sodass der Forex Trader weiß, wie hoch die Differenz zwischen Ankaufs- und Verkaufskurs ist. Aber auch die Gewinne, die der Trader beim Forex-Handel machen kann, werden oftmals in Pips ausgedrückt. Beim Spread ist es natürlich für den Trader umso besser, je weniger Pip dieser ausmacht, während es bei Gewinnen auf möglichst ... Here is where we’re going to do a little math. Just a little bit. You’ve probably heard of the terms “pips,” “points“, “pipettes,” and “lots” thrown around, and now we’re going to explain what they are and show you how their values are calculated. Take your time with this information, as it is required knowledge for all forex traders. Daher war es nicht notwendig, spezialisierte Begriffe wie Pips für Aktien einzufügen - allerdings wird im Marktjargon hin und wieder der allgemeine Begriff Tick verwendet, der eine Kursbewegung um die kleinstmögliche Einheit darstellt (in diesem Fall also 1 Cent). Unabhängig davon, ob Sie nun Forex oder CFDs traden wollen: Sie sollten immer ... Verrechnet ein Broker Kommission und Spread bei einer Transaktion, so kann der Spread relativ klein sein, bei EUR/USD beispielsweise 0,1 – 1 Pip (dazu kommt noch die Kommission). Bestehen die Transaktionskosten nur aus dem Spread, so ist der Spread meist höher, bei EUR/USD beispielsweise 1 – 3 Pips. Ein fortgeschrittener Pip Rechner, entwickelt von Investing.com. Rufen wir uns vorher ins Gedächtnis, dass ein EUR/USD-Kurs von 1,2500 Dollar gleichbedeutend ist mit 1,25 Dollar pro Euro. Formal ausgedrückt, lässt sich der Kurs als auch als (1,25 USD)/(1 EUR) schreiben. Der Wert eines Pips ergibt sich nun, indem man die Größe eines Pips als Dezimalzahl durch den Kurs teilt, wie im folgenden Ausdruck. Forex currency pairs are quoted in terms of 'pips', short for percentage in points. In practical terms, a pip is one-hundredth of one percent, or the fourth decimal place (0.0001). Trade forex dengan spread tetap 1-pip. Biaya trading lebih rendah. Better faster profits. Segera trade produk forex spread 1-pip hari ini.
★ 10 PIPs a Day Forex Scalping Strategy ★ Recommended Brokers http://www.financial-spread-betting.com/spreadbetting/compare-spreads.html ★ If you found value... Get more information about IG US by visiting their website: https://www.ig.com/us/future-of-forex Get my trading strategies here: https://www.robbooker.com C... Spreads were slightly bumpy yesterday at 11 PM GMT, but 1.5 pips is the line that shouldn’t have been crossed. Next up is the Cable, which has long term average and maximum spreads of point 88 ... The purpose of this class is to take it BACK TO THE BASICS and help give you an understanding of some key foundations of forex trading. By the time you compl... Learning Forex: What Are Pips and Spreads? As you set out to learning about Foreign currency trading, you are sure to see a lot of fresh words. A couple of the very most popular Currency trading ...